Canada Family Class Sponsorship and Family Reunification

Immigration Firm in Scarborough, Toronto

What is a Family Class and Sponsorship Application?

The family class sponsorship fulfills one of the objectives of Canadian immigtation that facilitates family reunification by permitting Canadian citizens and permanent residents at least 18 years old or older to sponsor close family members and certain relatives pursuant to A.3(d). For a specific duration, the sponsor will promise an undertaking to support their sponsored family by providing basic needs so they do not have to rely on social assistance.

Who may be Sponsored?

Canadians or Permanent Residents can sponsor anyone who are qualified under these categories:

  • Spouse – Overseas, Inland, Same-Sex
  • Common Law partner – (restrictions apply)
  • Conjugal partner – (restrictions apply)
  • Dependent children
  • Parents – (Additional conditions apply)
  • Grandparents – (Additional conditions apply)
  • Brothers or sisters, nephews or nieces, granddaughters or grandsons who are orphaned, under 18 years of age and not married or in a common-law relationship

Who are its Requirements?

These are general requirements for both the Sponsor and Applicant.

  • Be 18 years or older
  • Be a Canadian citizen or permanent resident
  • Reside in Canada (exceptions)
  • Exceed Minimum Necessary Income (MNI)
  • Meet Low-Income-Cut-Off (LICO), if applicable
  • Not have previous unfulfilled undertaking
  • Not be in prison, bankrupt or under a removal order
  • Not be convicted of certain criminal offences

Spouse, Common-law, Conjugal Partner

  • Be at least 18 years of age (can be same sex)
  • Spouse must be legally married to the sponsor
  • Common-law must of cohabited with sponsor for at least 1 year
  • Conjugal partner must have a relationship with sponsor for at least 1 year but are not living together because of reasons beyond their control (social, legal, religious barriers)

Dependent Children

  • Be under 22 years old (exceptions)
  • Be unable to be substantially independent
  • Not have a spouse or common law partner

Parents & Grandparents

  • Be related by blood or adoption to the sponsor (no in-laws)

Other Relatives

  • They are under 18
  • They are orphaned (parents deceased)
  • They are not a spouse or common law partner


Inland Spousal/Common-Law Sponsorship Work Permit

Once the spouse or common-law partner arrives in Canada and is awaiting their Permanent Resident application, they can be eligible to apply for an Open Work Permit in the meantime. The following below are the eligibility requirements.

  • Must have their Canadian citizen or permanent resident spouse/common law partner submitted a sponsorship
  • Must have filed a permanent residence application
  • Must reside at the same address as their sponsor
  • Must have valid status in Canada
  • Must not have been refused of their spousal/common law sponsorship
  • Must not be out of status in Canada


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